What number of occasions have you ever learn a textual content out loud in Spanish solely to discover a scary quantity…and proceed to learn it in your native language, as if it didn’t exist?
That’s why we’ve created this information to counting in Spanish with the assistance of cardinal numbers. We’d prefer to free you of frustration and concern!
Listed below are our greatest suggestions for mastering cardinal numbers in Spanish.
When to Use Cardinal Numbers in Spanish
“Cardinal numbers” is only a fancy identify for the common numbers we all know and use, similar to uno, dos and trés (one, two, and three). We use cardinal numbers in Spanish to:
- tell the time when somebody asks “¿Qué hora es?” (“What time is it?”)
- talk about measurements, amounts, prices, ages and weights
- discuss dates, years and centuries
Considering the various ways in which we use numbers in Spanish, you can see why it’s pretty much impossible to avoid numbers when learning the language. Not only should they be mandatory in your personal study plan, you should also go back once in a while and review them.
Back to Basics: Numbers 1-20 in Spanish
0 — cero
1 — un , uno , una
The first number in Spanish deserves its own explanation since it’s special: it has one feminine and two masculine versions! Remember to use un for a singular masculine noun (un coche — “a car”) and una for a singular feminine noun (una razón — a reason).
Uno is only used when actually counting, so it’s less common.
2 — dos
3 — tres
4 — cuatro
5 — cinco
6 — seis
7 — siete
8 — ocho
9 — nueve
10 — diez
The numbers from 11 to 20 are quite irregular:
11 — once
12 — doce
13 — trece
14 — catorce
15 — quince
16 — dieciséis
17 — diecisiete
18 — dieciocho
19 — diecinueve
20 — veinte
Tengo dos (2) hijos. (I have two children.)
Es catorce (14) de noviembre. (It’s the 14th of November.)
Si aún no tienes dieciocho (18) años, no puedes comprar alcohol en España. (If you aren’t 18 years old yet, you cannot buy alcohol in Spain.)
Es un teléfono muy barato. ¡Sólo cuesta cinco (5) euros! (It’s a very cheap phone. It only costs five euros!)
Into the 20s
The formula for counting from 20 to 30 is similar to what you might have noticed about numbers 16, 17, 18 and 19. To count beyond 20, you use a shortened version of veinte + y + number. Check it out in action:
21 — veintiuno
22 — veintidós
23 — veintitrés
24 — veinticuatro
25 — veinticinco
26 — veintiséis
27 — veintisiete
28 — veintiocho
29 — veintinueve
Él no para de hablar de sus aventuras de cuando tenía veintiocho (28) años. (He won’t stop talking about his adventures from when he was 28 years old.)
Tengo veintidós (22) dólares, pero la falda cuesta veintitrés (23) dólares. (I have 22 dollars, but the skirt costs 23 dollars.)
Viajé a Argentina el veintiséis (26) de abril. (I traveled to Argentina on the 26th April.)
Todos tienen veinticuatro (24) horas en su día, pero algunos las usan mejor que otros. (All people have 24 hours in their day, but some use them better than others.)
30s, 40s and Beyond
The logic that applied to the 20s also applies to the 30s, 40s, 50s and beyond until 100. The first and most important step is knowing the following numbers by heart:
30 — treinta
40 — cuarenta
50 — cincuenta
60 — sesenta
70 — setenta
80 — ochenta
90 — noventa
Once you get comfortable with these numbers, you’re free to apply the following logic: main number + y + secondary number. For instance:
41 — cuarenta y uno
73 — setenta y tres
32 — treinta y dos
54 — cincuenta y cuatro
82 — ochenta y dos
99 — noventa y nueve
Tengo noventa y nueve (99) problemas, pero el dinero no es uno. (I’ve got 99 problems, but money isn’t one.)
Mi abuela tiene ochenta y cinco (85) años—ya no puede correr rápido. (My grandma is 85 years old—she can’t run fast anymore.)
Mido un metro ochenta (1,80). (I am 1.80 meters in height.)
¡No tenemos tiempo! El autobús sale dentro de treinta (30) minutos. (We don’t have time! The bus departs in 30 minutes.)
Exploring the 100s in Spanish
On its own, the number 100 is cien. However, when you want to associate this number with others, you do not use y. Instead, you use ciento:
102 — ciento dos
130 — ciento treinta
150 — ciento cincuenta
The happens with all the hundreds. Here they are up to 900:
200 — doscientos
300 — trescientos
400 — cuatrocientos
500 — quinientos
600 — seiscientos
700 — setecientos
800 — ochocientos
900 — novecientos
To name any three-digit number, simply note the number in the hundreds digit then add the rest of the number after it as you learned earlier in this post:
201 — doscientos uno
354 — trescientos cincuenta y cuatro
402 — cuatrocientos dos
560 —quinientos sesenta
806 — ochocientos seis
910 — novecientos diez
Hay ciento noventa y cinco (195) países en el mundo. (There are 195 countries in the world.)
Aquí están las llaves de la habitación doscientos cuatro (204). (Here are the keys for room 204.)
Mi película favorita en español es “Celda doscientos once” (211). (My favourite film in Spanish is “Cell 211.”)
Un año tiene trescientos sesenta y cinco (365) días. (A yr has twelve months.)
It’s Over 1,000!
Numbers over 1000 are literally fairly straightforward to recollect in Spanish. Simply use the common numbers from one to 10 and add the phrase “mil”!
1,000 — mil
2,000 — dos mil
3,000 — tres mil
4,000 — cuatro mil
5,000 — cinco mil
6,000 — seis mil
7,000 — siete mil
8,000 — ocho mil
9,000 — nueve mil
10,000 — diez mil
Estamos en dos mil diecinueve (2019). (We’re in 2019.)
Se cree que hay siete mil noventa y siete (7,097) lenguas en el mundo. (It’s believed that there are 7,097 languages in the world.)
Si tuviera diez mil (10,000) dólares, renunciaría a mi trabajo mañana. (If I had 10,000 dollars, I’d quit my job tomorrow.)
Un cocodrilo puede pesar hasta mil cuarenta y tres (1,043) kilogramos. (A crocodile can weigh up to 1,043 kg.)
Spanish Ordinal Numbers
Ordinal numbers are used to indicate the position of something, or the order in which something appears. These numbers need to be modified to match both the gender and the number of the noun they are referring to. The Spanish ordinal numbers 1-9 are as follows:
You can say the numbers in the tens like this:
Décimo — tenth
Vigésimo — twentieth
Trigésimo — thirtieth
Cuadragésimo — fortieth
Quincuagésimo — fiftieth
Sexagésimo — sixtieth
Septuagésimo — seventieth
Octogésimo — eightieth
Nonagésimo — ninetieth
Centésimo — hundredth
For any number in between, you just take the relevant tens number, and add an ordinal number from 1-9. Here are some examples:
Trigésimo tercero — thirty-third
Cuadragésimo noveno — forty-ninth
Sexagésimo séptimo — sixty-seventh
Octogésimo quinto — eighty-fifth
Nonagésimo sexto — ninety-sixth
Bonus: The Best Strategies to Learn Numbers in Spanish!
Here are some study tips to help you learn numbers in Spanish and actually use them, rather than avoiding them like the plague.
Choose Relevance, not Cramming
There’s a better way than just memorizing lists! It’s way smarter to start by answering these questions:
- How old are you?
- What’s your year of birth?
- What’s the current year?
- What’s your height/weight?
- What’s your ID/passport number?
- What day is it today? Tomorrow? Yesterday?
When learning Spanish, it’s crucial that you avoid overwhelming yourself by focusing on numbers and information that are relevant to you, first!
Flashcards are a learner’s best friend whether you’re a fan of paper or digital tools. You have two options here:
1. Direct translations: On one side of the flashcard, write the number in English. On the other side, write the number in Spanish. Study these flashcards regularly until you know the numbers by heart.
2. Images rather than translations: On one side of the flashcard, place an image that represents a given number. On the other side of the card, write that number in Spanish. You now have visual cues rather than words in English.
There are several apps that let you create and customize flashcards to your liking, making them more memorable. AnkiApp is a great example of this, but there are many other options, like Cram.com and Flashcard Machine.
Use Spaced Repetition
Spaced repetition is efficient as a result of it invitations you to hack your brain by understanding its flaws and utilizing them to your benefit to memorize Spanish vocabulary.
Begin by learning your Spanish numbers. Attempt to memorize probably the most related ones. Now, enable your mind to virtually neglect them.
If you really feel that you just can’t bear in mind one or two numbers by coronary heart anymore, it’s time to strike once more. You’ll be defining spaced intervals to revisit your playing cards, ideally separating these you already know effortlessly from those you retain battling.
To assist with this technique, you’ll be able to strive utilizing a language studying platform like FluentU. By way of FluentU, you’ll be able to watch a variety of genuine Spanish movies to see how numbers are utilized in context. You’re additionally in a position to take a look at your data by means of personalised quizzes that use SRS to optimize retention.
In the event you’re within the idea, you’ll be able to be taught extra about spaced repetition and the way it can serve you on this video:
Produce, Produce, Produce
Purely listening and watching isn’t the way in which to change into fluent.
For that purpose, it is best to produce. Which means talking and writing with Spanish numbers! How? Nicely, see these instance sentences we included all through the weblog put up? We advise the next observe:
- Choose sentences from the examples that appear helpful to you and that you just’d truly use.
- Copy these sentences phrase by phrase on a sheet of paper. Then, learn them aloud.
- Let a number of days go by, then return to your observe. Now, strive altering the numbers within the sentences and, as soon as once more, learn them out loud.
- You need to now create sentences which might be about your individual private historical past, referring to vital occasions or accomplishments.
- Repeat these sentences each in writing and talking, as when you have been speaking to any individual.
Observe these steps to counting success!
Don’t neglect that you just’re studying Spanish to your personal improvement, your individual communication talents and to your personal use. Which means you shouldn’t be afraid to pick, customise and examine what’s applicable for you, even with one thing as seemingly easy as numbers in Spanish.
In different phrases… make it about your self.
And don’t neglect to have enjoyable!